Bilal "Zenab" Ahmed is a freelance journalist, analyst, and PhD student at SOAS, University of London. She has been published in Jacobin, Viewpoint Magazine, and Verso Books. Her research looks at the intersection between political economy and Sufi Naqshbandi neoplatonist philosophy in social movements, paramilitary formations, state administration, and insurrectionist struggle, in Northwest Pakistan, over the last century.